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Real property management

Land that has been retained in state ownership in the course of land reform is under the administration of the Ministry of the Environment. The area of such land totals approximately 1.5 million ha, i.e. 88% of all state-owned land. As of the beginning of 2017, the Land Board was responsible for the management of 100 000 ha of this land.

Besides land administration and management, the Land Board performs transactions with land on behalf of the Ministry of the Environment.

Pursuant to the agreement concluded between the Ministry of the Environment, the Land Board and the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications on 6 September 2016, the Land Board is also responsible for dealing with land issues related to the Rail Baltic project.

All the above tasks are executed by the Departments of State Land Management, of Land Procedures, of Plans  and of Land Consolidation.

 

 

The Land Board:

  • analyses possible uses of state land reserve;
  • arranges the use and maintenance of state land;
  • sells lands that are not required for any public purposes at auction;
  • offers agricultural land for lease at auction;
  • if required, constitutes rights of superficies to state land;
  • acquires land under nature protection restrictions;
  • transfers land to local governments, non-profit organisations, foundations and legal persons governed by public law;
  • cedes land to other ministries or agencies;
  • encumbers state-owned land with limited real rights (personal rights of use, easements);
  • offers lease agreements for extraction of mineral resources;
  • keeps accounts of lands under the administration of the Ministry of the Environment and its agencies;
  • is responsible for the registration of state land in the state property register and land register;
  • is responsible for the acquisition of land that is needed for the construction of Rail Baltic railway.
 

Administration, sale and authorization of use of state assets

State assets are administered, sold and authorized for use pursuant to the State Assets Act and the Minister of the Environment Regulation no 14 of 28 April 2010 "Procedure for authorization of use and transfer of real property under the administration of the Ministry of the Environment".

Only land that is not required for the purpose of exercising state authority or for any other public purpose will be sold. Land having value in terms of nature conservation as well as valuable arable land are excluded from sales. Five-year lease agreements are offered for arable land.  

State land is sold or leased at public auctions. Sale contracts and lease agreements are awarded to the highest responsible bidder.

When arable or forest land is sold or leased, the current user of land has a pre-emptive right. When forest land is sold, also the owner of adjacent property has a pre-emptive right, provided his own property includes forest. In both cases they are informed prior to the auction of their right to exercise pre-emption.

In order to participate in the auction, it is recommended to read beforehand the notice published on the Land Board’s webpage, which contains the most detailed information on the objects of sale as well as on the terms and conditions of participation and sale. The notice includes also a recommended application form and deadlines of procedures.

Data on the administrator of state assets and the authorized agency, and sale and lease contracts are available in the state property register.

In 2016, the total revenue from state land sale was more than 11 million euros.

As of the beginning of 2017, the total value of lease agreements was about 1.84 million euros a year.

 

State land sale

The Land Board sells land that is not needed for exercising state authority at public auctions, which are conducted either in writing or on-line. In case of an auction in writing, offers shall be delivered or sent to the Land Board in a sealed envelope. In case of an on-line auction, bids shall be placed only in the Land Board’s auction environment.

Notices of public auctions are published at least two weeks prior to the auction in Ametlikud Teadaanded at the address www.ametlikudteadaanded.ee », in one national newspaper and in one real estate portal.

More detailed information on the participation, objects of sale and terms and conditions of sale are made available on the Land Board’s homepage.

State land lease

The Land Board is leasing out state land by means of public auctions in writing. Lease agreements are offered for major parcels of agricultural land that in the future may be required for public purposes or exercising state authority. As a rule, lease agreements are concluded for a period of five years.

Notices of public auctions are published at least two weeks prior to the auction in Ametlikud Teadaanded at the address www.ametlikudteadaanded.ee », in one national newspaper and in one real estate portal.

More detailed information on the participation, objects of lease and terms and conditions of lease are made available on the Land Board’s homepage.

 

Acquisition of protected lands

A property which contains a protected natural monument or is located, as a whole, within the territory of a protected area, limited-conservation area or species protection site and the use of which is significantly hindered by the protection regime may be acquired by the state upon agreement with the owner of the property for payment corresponding to the value of the property.

The owner of the property may initiate acquisition by submitting a relevant application to the Environmental Board. If the Ministry of the Environment decides to proceed with the acquisition, the Land Board will represent state interests in the further procedure.

 



Last updated: 18.08.2017